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Tafseer of Surah al Qadr

Tafseer of Surah al Qadr - Power (Surah 97) By Shaykh Abdur-Rahman As-Sa’di

I have always found tafseer of the Quraan to be absorbing at least. This surah is no exception. I have chosen to share the tafseer of Imam As-Sadi’ because it is eloquent, and concise. In addition it is also comprehensive, yet easy to understand and grasp. I have chosen surah Al-Qadr because soon this night will pass us by, and then it will leave quicker than it came. And only Allah knows whether we will live to see the next one. We have to make the most of it when it comes and the best way to do so, is to know what Allah says about it.

The imam’s exegesis (an explanation or critical interpretation of a text) is widely regarded as being amongst the best and most moving for the layman to read. Imam As-Sadi is a well known Islamic scholar, mufassir and jurist. He was a student of Shaykh Muhammad Amin Ash-Shinqiti and many other notable scholars.

1) Truly We have revealed it in the Night of Power.
2) What will make you realise what the Night of Power is?
3) The Night of Power is better than a thousand months.
4) In it the angels and the Spirit descend by their Lord’s permission with every ordinance.
5) Peace! Until the break of dawn.

Allah says, explaining the excellence of the Qur’an and its sublime status, “Truly We have revealed it in the Night of Power.” Allah began the revelation of the Qur’an in Laylatu’l-Qadr of Ramadan, and through it showed a mercy to His servants that they can never show enough gratitude for. It is called the Night of Power because of its great status, its excellence in the sight of Allah, and because decrees are apportioned therein for the coming year. Allah then proceeds to emphasise its importance by saying, “What will make you realise what the Night of Power is,” its affair is tremendous “The Night of Power is better than a thousand months,” therefore a deed performed during it is better than that deed being performed over a period of one thousand months that do not contain that one night. That Allah has graced this weak nation with such a night astounds and amazes one’s mind. One thousand months: eighty odd years, the lifespan of a man who has lived a long life! “In it the angels and the Spirit descend” frequently “by their Lord’s permission with every ordinance. Peace,” it is safe from every defect and evil due to its immense good, “until the break of dawn,” i.e. this night commences when the sun sets and ends with the break of dawn. The ahadith concerning its virtue are concurrent (mutawatir), they mention that it falls in the odd nights of the last ten nights of Ramadan, and it will fall therein every year until the Hour falls. It was in the hope of finding the Night of Power that the Prophet (SAW) would perform i`tikaf and increase in worship during the last ten nights of Ramadan. Allah knows best. (Tafseer by Imam As- Sa’di translated by Abû Rumaysah)

This surah has deep meaning, which moves me. The Night of Power or Decree is not any ordinary night. It is a night during which we can be saved from the hellfire. A night during which we can be cleansed from sins. A night which is better than a thousand months. This night is so virtuous that Allah elevated its status by dedicating an entire surah to it. So, should we not take advantage of this night by searching for it? Should we not prepare for it, with duaas and qiyaam?
May Allah allow us to witness this night and to have our sins forgiven during it. Ameen.
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